WATER SUPPLY STATUS IN RURAL AREAS OF THE MEKONG DELTA AND DEVELOPMENT MEASURES

Nguyen Thuy Lan Chi, Phan Dao, Miroslav Kyncl

Abstract


The Mekong Delta (MD) consists of 13 provinces and cities, with a total population of 18 million people, accounting for 20% of Vietnam's population, of which more than 80% live in rural areas. At present, the percentage of rural population who are able to use standard-level water is low (36.52%), in certain areas, people hardly find clean water and have to buy water from farther areas for use at high prices. Given such situation, it is necessary to have an overall assessment of the actual status of water supply in rural areas, and a proposal of water supply solutions in order to meet the Water Supply Targets in rural areas of the National Strategy for Clean Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation in rural areas. This article makes presentation about: the Actual status of water supply in rural areas in the MD; the Analysis, assessment, identification of issues arising from the actual status of water supply and the proposal of comprehensive solutions to develop water supply activities for rural areas in the MD.


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