Analysis of Social and Health Reimbursements for Miners in Tems of the Decline of Mining Activity in the Czech Republic Funded from the State Budget

Jana Magnusková, Jana Bartoňová, Lucie Krčmarská, Dagmar Létavková

Abstract


The present article deals with the area of social and health welfare of former and current employees of the abolished, privatized or otherwise affected by reorganization mining enterprises in connection with the decline of uranium, ore and coal mining industry in the country. It describes a thorough analysis of the legislation governing the given area from the start of the decline in mining activity in 1990 to the present. Subsequently, relying on real data from practice, the article shows elaborated overviews of trends in the number of beneficiaries of all kinds of provided mandatory and decline-based social and health reimbursements in the years 2001-2012, including the total cost financed in a form of subsidies from the state budget. The forecast of trends of these monitored indicators, processed by the age of beneficiaries of compensations, type of work and other practice-verifiable data, suggests a sharp reduction in the number of recipients of mandatory compensations in the year 2015, the complete termination of payment of a special health benefit for miners by 2025, compensations of accidents at work, occupational diseases and allotments of coal and wood by the year 2035. The payment of the special benefit to miners, a claim for which occurred after 31 december 1992, will have finished by the year 2040.

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