ORGANIC GEOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SHALY FACIES FROM TWO WELLS WITHIN ANAMBRA BASIN, SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA.

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Phillips R Ikhane
Olajide Vincent Oladipo
Olusola Ayoade Adeagbo
Olalekan Olayiwola Oyebolu

Abstract

Organic geochemical analysis of two selected wells penetrating shale facies of the Anambra basin was conducted with the view of evaluating the section in terms of quantity and quality of organic matter, genetic potential, organic matter type, thermal maturity as well as determining the type of hydrocarbon that could be generated. Geochemical parameters such as Total Organic Carbon (TOC), S1 (representing free and adsorbed hydrocarbons present), S2 (representing hydrocarbons generated directly from the kerogen), S3 (carbon dioxide CO2 present) and maximum temperature (Tmax) as well as Hydrogen Index (HI), Oxygen Index (OI), Production Index (PI) and Genetic Potential (GP) were derived and calculated from the pyrolysis data. Result indicated that Well 1 samples have an average TOC of 1.21 wt % which is considered good in organic matter quantity and fair in quality, while Well 2 samples are organically lean, poor in quantity and quality with average TOC value of 0.15 wt %. The Genetic Potential (GP) expressed as (S1+S2) for Well 1 and Well 2 averages 2.03 and 0.68 mg HC/g respectively, indicating, a poor generational potential. The HI, OI and S2/S3 values of Well 1 samples are 146.56 mg HC/g, 226.78 mg HC/g and 0.86 respectively which on plots suggest the kerogen as type IV although few samples fall within the type III area. This contrasts with Well 2 samples having HI, OI and S2/S3 values as 343.67 mg HC/g, 276.78 mg HC/g and 1.26 respectively. Thus making the kerogen type to be interpreted as type III. Judging from Tmax (average of 441.670C for Well 1 and 470.440C for Well 2) and PI (average of 0.13 for Well 1 and 0.24 for Well 2) values, Well 1 samples are within the oil generating window whereas Well 2 samples are overmatured generating dry gas.  Deductions from the result of geochemical analysis show that the kerogen of Well 1 samples will generate oil while that of Well 2 samples have propensity to generate dry gas.

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Section
Research Paper
Author Biography

Phillips R Ikhane, OLABISI ONABANJO UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT: EARTH SCIENCES DEPARTMENT

RANK: SENIOR LECTURER